EventBus( [optionalConfiguration] )

Constructor for an event bus.


  • optionalConfiguration {Object}: configuration for the event bus instance

    • pendingDidTimeout {Number}: the timeout in milliseconds used by {@link EventBus#publishAndGatherReplies}. Default is 120000ms

EventBus#setErrorHandler( errorHandler )

Sets an handler for all errors that may occur during event processing. It receives an error message as first argument and a map with additional information on the problem as second argument. There may be instances of Error as values within the map. The default error handler simply logs all issues to console.error or console.log if available.


  • errorHandler {Function}: the error handler

EventBus#setMediator( mediator )

Sets a mediator, that has the chance to alter events shortly before their delivery to the according subscribers. Its sole argument is the complete list of queued events, that should be delivered during the current JavaScript event loop. It then needs to return this optionally modified list again. Events may be added or deleted at will, but the return type needs to be an array containing zero or more event- like objects.


  • mediator {Function}: the mediator function

EventBus#addInspector( inspector )

Adds an inspector, that gets notified when certain actions within the event bus take place. Currently this includes the following actions:

  • subscribe: a new subscriber registered for an event
  • publish: an event is published but not yet delivered
  • deliver: an event is actually delivered to a subscriber

An inspector receives a map with the following properties:

  • action: one of the actions from above
  • source: the origin of the action
  • target: the name of the event subscriber (deliver action)
  • event: the full name of the event or the subscribed event (subscribe action)
  • eventObject: the published event item (publish action)
  • subscribedTo: the event, possibly with omissions, the subscriber subscribed to (deliver action)
  • cycleId: the id of the event cycle

The function returned by this method can be called to remove the inspector again and prevent it from being called for future event bus actions.


  • inspector {Function}: the inspector function to add


  • {Function}: a function to remove the inspector

EventBus#subscribe( eventName, subscriber, [optionalOptions] )

Subscribes to an event by name. An event name consists of so called topics, where each topic is separated from another by dots (.). If a topic is omitted, this is treated as a wildcard. Note that two dots in the middle or one dot at the beginning of an event name must remain, whereas a dot at the end may be omitted. As such every event name has an intrinsic wildcard at its end. For example these are all valid event names:

  • some.event: matches some.event, some.event.again
  • .event: matches some.event, any.event, any.event.again
  • some..event: matches some.fancy.event, some.special.event

Additionally subtopics are supported. A subtopic are fragments within a topic, separated from another by simple dashes (-). Here only suffixes of subtopics may be omitted when subscribing. Thus subscribing to some.event would match an event published with name some.event-again or even some.event-another.again.

When an event is delivered, the subscriber function receives two arguments: The first one is the event object as it was published. If clone yields true this is a simple deep copy of the object (note that only properties passing a JSON-(de)serialization remain). If false the object is frozen using Object.freeze recursively in browsers that support freezing. In Any other browser this is just an identity operation.

The second one is a meta object with these properties:

  • unsubscribe: A function to directly unsubscribe the called subscriber from further events
  • name: The name of the event as it actually was delivered (i.e. without wildcards).
  • cycleId: The cycle the event was delivered in
  • sender: The id of the event sender, may be null.
  • initiator: The id of the initator of the cycle. Currently not implemented, thus always null.
  • options: The options that were passed to publish or publishAndGatherReplies respectively.


  • eventName {String}: the name of the event to subscribe to

  • subscriber {Function}: a function to call whenever an event matching the name is published

  • optionalOptions {Object}: additional options for the subscribe action

    • subscriber {String}: the id of the subscriber. Default is null

    • clone {Boolean}: if false the event will be send frozen to the subscriber, otherwise it will receive a deep copy. Default is true

EventBus#unsubscribe( subscriber )

Removes all subscriptions of the given subscriber.


  • subscriber {Function}: the function to unsubscribe

EventBus#publish( eventName, [optionalEvent], [optionalOptions] )

Asynchronously publishes an event on the event bus. The returned promise will be queued as soon as this event is delivered and, if during delivery a new event was enqueued, resolved after that new event was delivered. If no new event is queued during delivery of this event, the promise is instantly resolved. To make it a bit clearer, lets assume we publish and thus enqueue an event at time t. It then will be delivered at time t+1. At that precise moment the promise is enqueued to be resolved soon. We then distinguish between two cases:

  • At time t+1 no subscriber publishes (i.e. enqueues) an event: Thus there is no event in the same cycle and the promise is also resolved at time t+1.
  • At least one subscriber publishes an event at time t+1: The promise is then scheduled to be resolved as soon as this event is delivered at time t+2.

The implication of this is the following:

We have two collaborators, A and B. A listens to event b and b listens to event A. Whenever A publishes a and B than instantly (i.e. in the same event cycle of the JavaScript runtime its subscriber function was called) "responds" by publishing b, b arrives at the subscriber function of A before the promise of A's publish action is resolved. It is hence possible to observe possible effects of an event send by oneself,under the conditions mentioned above.


  • eventName {String}: the name of the event to publish

  • optionalEvent {Object}: the event to publish

  • optionalOptions {Object}: additional options for the publish action

    • sender {String}: the id of the event sender. Default is null

    • deliverToSender {Boolean}: if false the event will not be send to subscribers whose subscriber name matches optionalOptions.sender, else all subscribers will receive the event. Default is true


  • {Promise}: the delivery promise

EventBus#publishAndGatherReplies( eventName, [optionalEvent], [optionalOptions] )

Publishes an event that follows the request-will-did pattern and awaits all replies. This pattern has evolved over time and is of great use when handling the asynchronous nature of event bus events.

Certain rules need to be fulfilled: First the initiator needs to call this method with an event whose name has the suffix Request, e.g. takeActionRequest. All collaborators that want to react to this event then either do so in the same event cycle by sending a didTakeAction event or announce that they will do something asynchronously by publishing a willTakeAction event. In the latter case they need to broadcast the end of their action by sending a didTakeAction event. Note that for both events the same sender name needs to be given. Otherwise they cannot be mapped and the event bus doesn't know if all asynchronous replies were already received.

Additionally a timer is started using either the globally configured pendingDidTimeout ms value or the value provided as option to this method. If that timer expires before all did events to all given will events were received, the error handler is called to handle the incident and the promise is resolved as normally.


  • eventName {String}: the name of the event to publish

  • optionalEvent {Object}: the event to publish

  • optionalOptions {Object}: additional options for the publish action

    • sender {String}: the id of the event sender. Default is null

    • pendingDidTimeout {Number}: the timeout in milliseconds for pending did* events


  • {Promise}: the delivery promise. It receives a list of all collected did* events and according meta information